Herbs Medicine a List of Herbs F-K

False Unicorn Root

False Unicorn Root is one of the premier herbs used by herbalists when treating female problems and is considered to be a tonic for the ovaries. It is used in the treatment of many disorders of the female reproductive tract including amenorrhoea (absence of menstrual period), period pain, ovarian pain, leucorrhoea (white vaginal discharge), female infertility, erratic ovulation, ovarian cysts, chronic pelvic inflammation, menorrhagia (prolonged heavy period), dysfunctional uterine bleeding, prolapse of the uterus, cystic hyperplasia (thickening of the endometrium) and adenomyosis (endometrium growing inside the muscle wall of the uterus). False Unicorn Root is also extremely beneficial in the treatment of menopausal symptoms, sexual fatigue, morning sickness and threatened miscarriage. Traditionally False Unicorn Root has also been used to treat anaemia associated with reproductive problems, wasting of the reproductive organs and infertility and sexual fatigue in both sexes.

Contraindications: may cause or aggravate gastro-oesophageal reflux.

Fennel

Greg Newson - Vitality & Wellness Centre

Fennel is often used by herbalists because it can greatly assist gastrointestinal problems such as intestinal colic, flatulence, flatulent colic, infantile colic, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic non-specific colitis, dyspepsia (heartburn, bloating, upset stomach, burping and/or stomach pain), nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, bloating and anorexia. Fennel is also extremely beneficial for excess nasal catarrh, upper respiratory catarrh, acute or chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, shortness of breath and cough. Fennel also benefits the female reproductive system and is beneficial with period pain, amenorrhoea (delayed menstrual period) and increasing breast milk in nursing mothers. Fennel can be used externally for eyewashes where the eye is itchy, reddened & teary and for a throat gargle easing sore throats. Traditionally Fennel was also used to increase poor appetite and suppress food cravings and topically to treat conjunctivitis.


Contraindications
: caution in gastro-oesophageal reflux.

Fenugreek

Fenugreek has a long history of use in reducing elevated blood sugar levels making it a valuable herb in the treatment of diabetes and blood sugar irregularities. Fenugreek is also beneficial in the treatment of dyspepsia (heartburn, bloating, upset stomach, burping and/or stomach pain), loss of appetite, gastritis, gastrointestinal inflammation, anorexia, debility, convalescing, increasing breast milk in nursing mothers, atherosclerosis (plaque build up on the artery walls) and lowering LDL (bad) cholesterol and elevated triglycerides. Traditionally Fenugreek has also been used for irritation of the uterus and lower respiratory tract, rheumatism, enlarged liver or spleen, dysentery, diarrhoea and colic. Topically it was used for a sore throat, boils, myalgia (muscle pain), wound healing, gout, rectal irritation or inflammation, as a cool drink to patients with smallpox and for chronic disorders of the stomach, bowel and liver.

Contraindications: may cause or aggravate gastro-oesophageal reflux and high doses can cause a characteristic body odour.

Feverfew

Greg Newson - Vitality & Wellness Centre

Feverfew is used by herbalists in the prevention of migraine headaches and their associated symptoms as well as tension headaches. Feverfew is also beneficial in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune diseases, asthma, dermatitis, hay fever, hives and reducing inflammation. Traditionally Feverfew was also used to increase appetite, improve digestion and promote digestive secretions. When taken as a warm infusion it was used to treat cholera, the common cold, febrile (fever) diseases, as a cleansing agent for the kidneys, to bring on menstruation and also to expel worms. As a cold infusion it was used as a tonic and to relieve facial and ear pain in dyspeptic or rheumatoid patients. Topically it was applied as a poultice to relieve bowel pain or swelling, flatulence and colic.


Contraindications
: low doses to be used in pregnancy (high dose may have an abortive affect), avoid in known allergy.

G

Ganoderma or Reishi Mushroom

See Reishi Mushroom

Garlic

Garlic is a truly wonderful herb that has been around for thousands of years and is revered by herbalists all over the world. The beneficial effects of garlic are numerous and in the cardiovascular system it is used to lower elevated cholesterol and triglyceride levels, whilst raising good cholesterol (HDL) levels. It is also used to lower blood pressure and atherosclerosis (a build-up of plaque on the artery walls). Garlic has immune and respiratory system qualities making it useful in the treatment of the common cold, influenza, bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, chronic sinusitis and hay fever. It has an antibacterial, antifungal and antiparasitic affect making it beneficial in destroying candidiasis, intestinal worms, bacteria and Helicobacter pylori (an organism that causes peptic ulcers). Garlic is also used to help remove heavy metals from the body. Traditionally garlic has also been used for toothache, epilepsy, leprosy, as a laxative and to increase endurance whilst working in extreme temperatures.


Contraindications: avoid in known allergy, use with caution in conjunction with anticoagulant and anti-platelet drugs and Saquinavir. Discontinue 10 days before surgery.

This herb is used in our Candida Support Herbal Blend.

Garlic - Is known as nature's antibiotic. It has powerful immune stimulating qualities and has been shown to kill or inhibit 17 types of detrimental fungi including Candida albicans. One study showed that garlic had more anti-candidal activity than the antifungal drug nystatin 1,2,3.

References:
1. Harris, J. C., et al.  Antimicrobial properties of Allium sativum (garlic).  Appl Microbiol Biotechnol.  57(3):282-286, 2001.
2. Adetumbi, M., et al.  Allium sativum (garlic) inhibits lipid synthesis by Candida albicans.  Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.  30(3):499-501, 1986.

3. Arora, D. S., et al.  Antimicrobial activity of spices.  Int J Antimicrob Agents.  12(3):257-262, 1999.

Gentian

Gentian is frequently used in cases of digestive weakness, anorexia, constipation, dyspepsia (heartburn, bloating, upset stomach, burping and/or stomach pain), flatulence, flatulent colic, intestinal colic, abdominal bloating, nausea, vomiting and hypochlorhydria (low stomach acid). Gentian is also used for food allergies and sensitivities, debility, convalescence, cachexia (muscle and weight loss), improving bile release from the gall bladder and bile production by the liver, stimulating pancreatic enzyme secretion and to reduce the reinfestation of intestinal worms or parasites. Traditionally Gentian was also used in feverish conditions, gout, amenorrhoea (absence of menstrual period) and diarrhoea.

Contraindications: caution in peptic ulcer and digestive hyperacidity.

This herb is used in our Digestive Support Herbal Blend.

Gentian -  is used to relieve indigestion 1, stimulate gastric secretions, relieve nausea, vomiting, heartburn, abdominal pain and constipation 2, improve appetite 3 and to stimulate pancreatic enzyme production 4. Traditionally Gentian has been used for anorexia, dyspepsia, weak digestion and to stimulate salivation and bile production.

References:
1. Glatzel, H.  Treatment of dyspeptic disorders with spice extracts:  Practical use of a new therapeutic principle.  Hippokrates.  40(23):916-919, 1969.
2. British Herbal Medicine Association’s scientific Committee: British herbal pharmacopeia Bournemouth 1983 BHMA. 
3. Felter HW, Lloyd JU: King’s American Dispensary, ed 18, rev 3 Portland, 1905, reprinted 1983 Eclectic Medical Publications.
4. Leslie GB: Medita 8:31-47, 1978.

Giant Knotweed

See Polygonum Cuspidatum.

Ginger

Greg Newson - Vitality & Wellness Centre

Ginger has a long history in calming the digestive tract and is extremely beneficial for nausea, travel sickness, morning sickness, digestive weakness, intestinal colic, abdominal bloating, abdominal cramping, flatulent colic, irritable bowel syndrome, and dyspepsia (heartburn, bloating, upset stomach, burping and/or stomach pain). Ginger is also beneficial in the treatment of acute infections, fever, common cold, acute bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, bronchial asthma, asthma, painful periods, endometriosis, food allergies and sensitivities, cold hands and feet and Raynaud’s Syndrome. Ginger is also a potent anti-inflammatory making it very beneficial in the treatment of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and rheumatism. Traditionally ginger was also used in the treatment of diarrhoea, faint pulse and a cough with thin white sputum.

Contraindications: caution in peptic ulceration, gallstones, pregnancy, and the drug Warfarin.

This herb is used in our Inflammatory Support Herbal Blend and Digestive Support Herbal Blend.

Ginger;

- May have anti-inflammatory effects by suppressing the production of inflammatory eicosanoids (inflammatory signalling molecules) such as prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene B4 1. Ginger may alleviate the pain and inflammation associated with osteoarthritis by inhibiting the inflammatory eicosanoids that contribute to the pain and inflammation associated with osteoarthritis 2. Ginger may alleviate the pain, inflammation and stiffness associated with rheumatoid arthritis 8. Ginger may also offer temporary relief from the sensation of pain 3.

- Is used to relieve digestive problems such as nausea, vomiting, colic, flatulence, dyspepsia and cramping 4. Ginger enhances the activity of other herbs 5. Ginger may help to prevent gastric ulcers 6. Ginger may help to protect the stomach from the toxic effects of alcohol (ethanol) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) 7. Traditionally Ginger is used as a stomach tonic, gastro-intestinal anti-spasmodic and for poor digestion. 

References:
1. Flynn, D. L., et al. Inhibition of human neutrophil 5-lipoxygenase activity by gingerdione, shogaol, capsaicin and related pungent compounds.  Prostaglandins Leukot Med.  24(2-3):195-198, 1986.
2. Shen, C. L., et al.  Comparative effects of ginger root (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) on the production of inflammatory mediators in normal and osteoarthrotic sow chondrocytes.  Journal of Medicinal Food.  8(2):149-153, 2005.
3. Ojewole, J. A.  Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and hypoglycaemic effects of ethanol extract of Zingiber officinale (roscoe) rhizomes (zingiberaceae) in mice and rats.  Phytother Res.  2006.

4. Ernst E, Pittler MH; Br J Anaesth 84(3):367-371, 2000.
5. Lyle TJ. Physio-medical therapeutics, materia medica and pharmacy, 1897. reprinted by the National Association of Medical Herbalists of Great Britain, London, 1932, p343. 
6. Sertie, J. A. A., et al.  Preventive anti-ulcer activity of the rhizome extract of Zingiber officinale.  Fitoterapia.  113(1):55-59, 1992.
7. Al-Yahya, M. A., et al.  Gastro protective activity of ginger in albino rats.  Am J Chinese Med.  17(1-2):51-56, 1989.

Ginkgo Biloba

Greg Newson - Vitality & Wellness Centre

Ginkgo Biloba is a beneficial herb for increasing blood flow making it very useful in the treatment of restricted cerebral blood flow and its related symptoms such as poor memory and cognitive function, dizziness, vertigo, tinnitus, headaches, anxiety, depression, fatigue and acute cochlear deafness. Ginkgo is beneficial in the early-stage treatment of Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, stroke (recent onset), as a tonic for older adults, intermittent claudication (restricted blood flow to legs) and vision disorders that result from reduced retinal blood flow such as macular degeneration. Ginkgo is beneficial in improving cognitive function including working and long-term memory, abstract reasoning, increasing the processing speed in healthy individuals and in particular older adults, improving attention in young individuals, period pain, asthma and reducing the effects of high altitude or hypoxia (inadequate oxygen). Ginkgo is also a potent antioxidant making it beneficial in the treatment of free radical damage.

Contraindications: caution in patients taking anticoagulant or anti-platelet drugs. 

This herb is used in our Kidney Support Herbal Blend and Cortisol Calm Herbal Blend.

Ginkgo Biloba;

- May help to enhance and protect the kidneys. Studies have shown that Ginkgo Biloba helped to improve the globular filtration rate and lower elevated arterial blood pressure in diabetic neuropathy as well as exerting various other nephroprotective effects 1,2,3,4.

- In a double blind placebo controlled human trial healthy young subjects received a single dose of 120 mg of standardized extract of Ginkgo Biloba (or placebo) and were deliberately exposed to a stressful task (static exercise and mental stimuli) in order to induce cortisol increase. The people receiving the Ginkgo Biloba extract did not experience a stress-induced increase in salivary cortisol levels 5. Salivary hormones are an excellent indicator in what is happening within the body at a given time. Adrenal glands produce the body’s cortisol, adrenal cells which were exposed to ginkgolide B (an active constituent of Ginkgo Biloba) were found to produce less cortisol. Authors suggest that Ginkgo Biloba might be used as a tool to control excess cortisol formation in the body 6

References:
1. 14 Ji, L., et al.  Ginkgo biloba extract prevents glucose-induced accumulation of ECM in rat mesangial cells.  Phytotherapy Research.  23(4):477-485, 2009.
2. Lu, J., et al.  [Clinical observation of gingko biloba extract injection in treating early diabetic nephropathy.]  Chin J Integr Med.  11(3):226-228, 2005.
3. Wang, J. Y., et al.  Ginkgo biloba extract suppresses hypertrophy and extracellular matrix accumulation in rat mesangial cells.  Acta Pharmacol Sin.  27(9):1222-1230, 2006.
4. Zhu, H. W., et al.  [Effect of extract of ginkgo bilboa leaf on early diabetic nephropathy.]  Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi.  25(10):889-891, 2005.
5. Jezova, D., et al.  Reduction of rise in blood pressure and cortisol release during stress by Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761) in healthy volunteers.  J Physiol Pharmacol.  53(3):337-348, 2002.
6. Amri, H., et al.  Transcriptional suppression of the adrenal cortical peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor gene and inhibition of steroid synthesis by ginkgolide B.  Biochem Pharmacol.  65(5):717-729, 2003.

Globe Artichoke

Globe Artichoke is a wonderful liver and gall bladder herb and is used for digestive liver insufficiency, protecting the liver against poisons, improving the repair time of liver damage, gallstones, gall bladder dysfunction, increasing bile flow and jaundice. Globe artichoke is also used in the treatment of dyspepsia (heartburn, bloating, upset stomach, burping and/or stomach pain), elevated cholesterol and triglyceride levels, nausea, vomiting, flatulent colic, constipation, flatulence, anorexia, abdominal bloating, gout, chronic skin conditions and food allergies and sensitivities. Traditionally Globe Artichoke was also used for rheumatism, arthritis, nephrosclerosis (hardening of the kidney), urinary stones, uraemia (toxic condition resulting from the presence of urinary constituents in the blood) and oliguria (decrease in urine production).

Contraindications: closure of the gall bladder, avoid in known allergy.

This herb is used in our Liver Detox Herbal Blend.

Globe Artichoke - may regenerate the liver 1. Globe Artichoke may increase the production of bile by the liver and may stimulate the flow of bile from the liver to the gallbladder 2, 3. Globe Artichoke may protect the body and liver against poisoning and death from normally lethal doses of many toxins 1, 4. Globe Artichoke may prevent the destruction of the liver’s antioxidant glutathione content by various toxins 4. Traditionally Globe Artichoke is used for jaundice, improving bile flow, counteracting the effects of toxins and as a liver tonic.

References:
1. Gebhardt, R. Hepatoprotection through artichoke extracts.  Pharmazeutische Zeitung.  140:34-37, 1995.
2. Kirchoff, R., et al.  Increase in choleresis by means of artichoke extract.  Results of a placebo-controlled double-blind study.  Journal for Research Results from all Areas of Medicine. 6(40), 1993.
3. Kirchoff, R., et al.  Increase in choleresis by means of artichoke extract.  Phytomedicine.  1:107-115, 1994.
4. Gebhardt, R.  Antioxidative and protective properties of extracts from leaves of the artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) against hydroperoxide-induced oxidative stress in cultured rat hepatocytes. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol.  144(2):279-286, 1997.

Golden Rod

Golden Rod - has been traditionally used in western herbal medicine for chronic upper respiratory tract catarrh, upper respiratory tract inflammation and for the treatment of influenza virus 1. Golden Rod has also been used as a gargle for nose and throat infection 1. .

References:

1. British herbal medicine Association scientific committee: British herbal pharmacopoeia, Bournemouth, 1983 the HMA.

Golden Seal

Golden Seal is very beneficial in the case of infection especially when green, orange or yellow mucus is produced making it useful for the treatment of respiratory catarrh, catarrhal deafness, chronic sinusitis, sinus headache, hay fever, ear infection, conjunctivitis, chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, sore throat and blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids). Golden Seal is also used in the treatment of peptic ulcer or gastritis that has been caused by the Helicobacter Pylori bacteria. Golden Seal is renowned for its ability to sooth and heal damaged mucus membranes making it very beneficial for any inflammation of the gastrointestinal or respiratory tract. Golden Seal is also used in the treatment of acute gastrointestinal infections with diarrhoea, Giardia, nausea, improving beneficial bowel flora, skin disorders, uterine and pelvic haemorrhaging, genitourinary tract discharges, convalescing, myalgia (muscle pain), menorrhagia (heavy menstrual bleeding) and topically for acne. Golden Seal is also used as an adjuvant therapy (increases the chances of a cure) for non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Traditionally Golden Seal was also used in the treatment of anorexia, fibroids, hemorrhagic endometriosis, period pain, postpartum (6 week period after birth) haemorrhage and topically for eczema, tinnitus and conjunctivitis.

Contraindications: pregnancy and lactation or for jaundiced neonates. Some reports suggest Golden Seal is contraindicated in high blood pressure.

This herb is used in our Intestinal Support Herbal Blend and our Candida Support Herbal Blend.

Golden Seal;

- May alleviate chronic catarrhal states of the mucous membranes of the gastro-intestinal tract 1. Golden Seal may also soothe the irritated lining of the intestinal tract 4. Traditionally Golden Seal has been used for improving the health of the colon, alleviating diarrhoea (especially where diarrhoea is caused by detrimental bacteria infection), strengthening the gastric and intestinal mucosa, alleviating gastro-enteritis, improving the tone of the gastro-intestinal tract, alleviating heartburn within 15 minutes of its consumption and reducing the proliferation of intestinal parasites.

- Is another immune stimulating herb that has been shown to suppress and inhibit the growth of Candida albicans via its alkaloid berberine 2.

References:
1. Mills S, Bone K: Principles and practice of Phytotheraphy: Modern Herbal Medicine, Edinburgh, 2000, Churchill Livingstone.
2. Mahajan, V. M., et al.  Antimycotic activity of berberine sulphate:  an alkaloid from an Indian medicinal herb.  Sabouraudia.  20(1):79-81, 1982.

Gotu Kola

Gotu Kola is useful in improving venous insufficiency (an inability for the veins in the leg to pump blood back to the heart), varicose veins, varicose ulcer, haemorrhoids and thrombophlebitis (clot in the vein). Gotu Kola is also used to treat burns, cellulitis, diabetic neuropathy, diabetic ulcer, vascular problems associated with diabetes, peptic ulcer, disk prolapse, fractures, leprosy, mouth ulcers, chronic skin conditions, rheumatism, chronic liver disorders, and scleroderma (hardening of the skin or other organs). Gotu Kola is also renowned for its rejuvenating effects, especially on the brain, making it beneficial in improving mental function and concentration and improving adaptation to stress and anxiety. It also has the ability to improve the healing response of the skin and other tissues and is used in the treatment of osteoarthritis, restless leg syndrome, night cramps, leg cramps and osteopenia (low bone mineral density). Topically Gotu Kola is used in the treatment of psoriasis, wound healing, burns, leg ulcers, cellulitis, leprous ulcers, scar formation after surgery, eczema, stretchmarks (in combination with vitamin E), varicose veins and post-thrombotic syndrome (chronic pain, swelling and heaviness in legs). Traditionally Gotu Kola was also used as a tonic to prolong life and topically for secondary syphilitic ulcers.

Contraindications: avoid in known allergies.

This herb is used in our Intestinal Support Herbal Blend.

Gotu Kola - Gotu Kola may alleviate some types of peptic ulcers and help to prevent gastric ulcers 5. Gotu Kola may strengthen the mucosal barrier of the gastro-intestinal tract and reduce the damaging effects of free radicals 1. Traditionally Gotu Kola was used to promote wound healing and gastro-intestinal problems.

References:
1. Cheng, C. L., et al.  Effects of Centella asiatica on ethanol induced gastric mucosal lesions in rats.  Life Sciences.  67(21):2647-2653, 2000.

Grape Seed

Grape Seed is a potent antioxidant (protects cells against damage) and is useful in treating disorders of the circulatory system such as venous insufficiency (an inability of the veins in the leg to pump blood back to the heart), varicose veins, varicose ulcer, haemorrhoids, spider veins, capillary fragility, impaired peripheral circulation, diabetic retinopathy (damage to the retina of the eye) and retinopathy caused by high blood pressure. Grape Seed can also be used to help strengthen connective tissue, promote healing, improve the quality of beneficial gut bacteria and for the treatment of chloasma (blotchy brown pigmentation of the face), macular degeneration, ADHD, pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) and period pain. Grape Seed is also beneficial in helping to prevent Cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer’s disease and following (not during) radiation therapy in cancer.

Contraindications: take this herb separately from mineral supplements.

Green Tea

Greg Newson - Vitality & Wellness Centre

Green Tea is a potent antioxidant and is used to prevent cancer, Alzheimer’s disease and cardiovascular disease. Green tea is used in the treatment of weight loss, elevated cholesterol, haemochromatosis, chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, to slow the ageing process, reduce skin wrinkles, reduce the severity of asthma attacks and to help improve the outcome of cancer treatments. Drinking Green tea helps to prevent the formation of plaque on the teeth which in turn helps to control gingivitis and periodontal disease. Topically Green Tea is used in skin preparations to reduce free radical damage of the skin, reduce skin inflammation, produce firmer and more elastic skin and improve wound healing of the skin.


Contraindications: take this herb separately from mineral supplements. Alcohol extracts have been implicated in liver damage. Excessive doses may aggravate insomnia and cause palpitations.

Gymnema

Gymnema is a wonderful herb that has the ability to regenerate beta cells (insulin producing cells) of the pancreas, making it extremely useful in the treatment of insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Gymnema also reduces the taste sensation of sweet foods making it beneficial for sweet cravings and to reduce appetite and caloric intake. Gymnema is also used to treat metabolic syndrome or syndrome X, assist with weight loss and elevated cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Traditionally Gymnema was also used for urinary disorders, fever, cough and glycosuria (glucose in the urine). The leaf was traditionally chewed to remove the ability to taste sweet or bitter substances.

Contraindications: may cause or aggravate gastro-oesophageal reflux.

H

Hawthorn

Greg Newson - Vitality & Wellness Centre

Hawthorn is renowned for its beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system and is used in the treatment of mild congestive heart failure, cardiac insufficiency, high blood pressure, cardiac arrhythmias, angina, cardiomyopathy, impaired peripheral circulation, palpitations, Buerger’s disease, tachycardia, nervous heart complaints, arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), circulatory support and to stabilise the heart rate. Hawthorn is also used in conditions of mild anxiety and menopausal symptoms such as hot flushing. Traditionally Hawthorn was also used as a poultice for swelling and as a general tonic.


Contraindications: none known. Hawthorn may act in synergy with digitalis, beta blockers and other blood lowering medication. Modification of drug dosages may be required.

Hemidesmus

Hemidesmus is used in the treatment of autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis. It is also used in diseases of the genitourinary tract, skin diseases and fever. Traditionally Hemidesmus was also used for loss of appetite, chronic cough and topically as an anti-inflammatory remedy.

Contraindications: none known.

Hops

Greg Newson - Vitality & Wellness Centre

Hops is used in the treatment of sleep onset insomnia, sleep maintenance, anxiety, panic attacks, excitability, restlessness, nervous dyspepsia (heartburn, bloating, upset stomach, burping and/or stomach pain), tension headaches, neuralgia (nerve pain), trigeminal neuralgia (facial nerve pain), menopausal symptoms, irritable bowel syndrome and as an anti-bacterial agent. It is also used to treat premature ejaculation, excessive libido in men, decrease the desire for alcohol and decrease androgen (sex and adrenal hormones) excess. Topically it is used in a bath as a sedative agent to induce sleep and to treat dandruff and greasy hair. Traditionally Hops was also used to treat delirium, mucous colitis, kidney stones and indigestion. Topically hops was used for leg ulcers, swellings and inflammation of internal organs.


Contraindications: best avoided with oestrogen sensitive breast cancer, traditionally contraindicated in depression.

This herb is used in our Inflammatory Support Herbal Blend and Intestinal Cleanse Herbal Blend.

Hops;

- May inhibit the inflammatory mediator cox 2 while sparing the tissue regenerating cox 1 mediator. Hops inhibited Cox-2 mediators over 9 hours equivalent to ibuprofen 400 mg but had significant Cox-1 sparing activity relative to ibuprofen 1

- Is used for its antibacterial activity on corynebacterium xerosis and staphylococcus epidermidis 2. listeria monocytogenes 3 acne vulgaris 4. Traditionally Hops has been used for gastro-intestinal issues such as indigestion, dyspepsia, colitis, intestinal spasms, irritable bowel syndrome, tuberculosis and to prevent food from spoiling.

References:
1. Lemay, M., et al.  In vitro and ex vivo cyclooxygenase inhibition by a hops extract.  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 13 (Supplement):S110, 2004.
2. Dumas ER, Michaud AE, Bergeron C, Lafrance JL, Mortillo S, Gafner S. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2009 Sep;8(3):197-204.
3. Shen C, Geornaras I, Kendall PA, Sofos JN. J Food Prot. 2009 Apr;72(4):702-6.
4. Yamaguchi N, Satoh-Yamaguchi K, Ono M. Phytomedicine. 2009 Apr;16(4):369-76. Epub 2009 Feb 6.

Horopito

This herb is used in our Candida Support Herbal Blend.

Horopito - Is a peppery tasting herb native to New Zealand and is believed to be the most potent anti candida herb yet discovered. Horopito has been shown to possess strong antifungal activity against the various forms of Candida including Candida albicans, Candida krusei and Candida utilis 1,2.

References:
1. Lee SH, Lee JR, Lunde, Kubo I. In vitro antifungal susceptibilities of Candida Albicans and other fungal pathogens to polygodial, a sesquiterpene dialdeheyde. Planta Med 1999; 65:204-8.
2. Pavlodar City Centre for Clinical Immunology and Reproduction. Head Physician: O. Ogorodnikova. Pavlodar. Data on File, Postgraduate Physicians’Training Faculty Assistant : M.Valivach.

Hydrangea

Hydrangea is used for acute or chronic prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia (enlargement of the prostate), kidney or bladder stones, dysuria (painful urination), cystitis (inflammation of the bladder), urethritis (inflammation of the urethra) and other inflammatory conditions of the urinary system. Traditionally Hydrangea was also used for gonorrhoeal urethritis, improving nutrition to the urinary mucous membrane and as a decoction for women who had strange dreams during their menstrual period.

Contraindications: none known.

Hyssop

Hyssop is used in the treatment of acute and chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, asthma, upper respiratory tract catarrh, common cold, fever, cough, colic, flatulence and epilepsy (petit mal). It is used topically for cuts and bruises and as a gargle for a sore throat.

Contraindications: best avoided in pregnancy.

J

Jamaican Dogwood

Jamaican Dogwood is used in the treatment of pain management, especially nerve generated pain such as neuralgia (nerve pain), trigeminal neuralgia (facial nerve pain), sciatica, headache and toothache. Jamaican Dogwood can also be used in the treatment of insomnia, anxiety and emotional stress, period pain, migraine headaches, muscle spasms and rheumatism. Traditionally Jamaican Dogwood was also used to treat asthma, nervous tension, nervous excitability and painful conditions of the mouth.

Contraindications: pregnancy, bradycardia (slow resting heartbeat less than 60 beats per minute) or cardiac insufficiency.

K

Korean Ginseng or Panax Ginseng

Korean Ginseng is a tonic herb with many applications such as helping with fatigue, physical stress, failure to thrive, convalescence, chronic immune deficiency, debility, emaciation (substantial loss of much needed fat and often muscle tissue) and cachexia (muscle wasting). Korean Ginseng has the ability to improve mental and physical performance and concentration, slow the ageing process and is used as a tonic for the elderly. It is also used for mild congestive heart failure, to raise HDL (good) cholesterol, type II diabetes, neuralgia (nerve pain), convulsions, neurosis (mental disorder caused by stress), anxiety, palpitations, spontaneous sweating, organ prolapse, cold limbs, dyspnea (difficult breathing or shortness of breath), asthma, psychological symptoms of menopause, impotence and male infertility, post-viral syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, ADHD, as an adjunct treatment for HIV/AIDS sufferers and for drug abuse or addiction. Korean Ginseng is used to prevent cancer (excluding cancer of the breast, cervix, bladder and thyroid) and as an adjuvant therapy (increases the chances of a cure) while undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Traditionally Korean Ginseng was also used to restore qi energy, poor function of the spleen or lungs, faint pulse, shock, wheezing and frigidity.

Contraindications: caution in acute states such as asthma, infections, nosebleeds and menorrhagia (heavy period). Avoid taking with central nervous system stimulants such as caffeine or amphetamines. Controversial in high blood pressure and best avoided with Warfarin, antidepressants and MAOI drugs.

This herb is used in our Cortisol Calm Herbal Blend.

Korean Ginseng - may lower cortisol levels by balancing the cortisol : DHEA ratio 1,2. DHEA is a hormone produced by your body that plays many roles in keeping you healthy and may assist in alleviating fatigue, normalising blood sugar levels, improving immune function, alleviating depression, stress and the symptoms of menopause.

References:
1. Tode, T., et al.  Effect of Korean red ginseng on psychological functions in patients with severe climacteric syndromes.  Int J Gynaecol Obstet.  67(3):169-174, 1999.
2. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan.

Herbs should always be prescribed by a Qualified Herbalist who has the knowledge in treating disease. In some instances certain herbs can have contraindications in use, so it is important they are administered by a Certified Practitioner trained in Herbal Medicine.